The Task Force found the following strategies showed strong and sufficient evidence for effectiveness in reducing excessive alcohol use
|Increasing taxes||Avoiding price increases of alcohol including price promotions and drinks discounts|
|Regulation of alcohol outlet density||Using zoning and licensing to limit the concentration of places that alcohol is sold in a given area|
|Maintaining limits on days and hours of sale||Preserving existing limits on days of alcohol sales at on- and off-premise locations and avoiding an increase of hours of sale of two or more hours for on-premise locations|
|Dram Shop Liability||Providing civil liability when the sale of alcohol to an intoxicated person results in harm or injury to an innocent party|
|Enhancement of enforcement of laws prohibiting alcohol sales to minors||Conducting compliance checks of retail alcohol sales locations|
|Electronic screening and brief interventions||Using electronic devices -- phone, computer, etc. -- to facilitate delivery of traditional screening interventions for alcohol use|
|Privatization of retail alcohol sales||Privatization occurs when the role of government (e.g., city, county, state) in retail alcohol sales is removed from one or more alcohol beverage types allowing for commercial sale of alcohol and changing regulatory oversight.|
|Responsible Beverage Service Training||Positive impacts found in several studies, but studies could not necessarily by applied to population at large. More evidence is needed.|
|Overservice law enforcement initiatives||Too few studies available to rigorously analyze impact|
|Social Host Ordinance||Not reviewed by the Task Force directly. Other studies show an association with 1) decreased alcohol use at private parties but no changes in other contexts and 2) reduction in rate of alcohol-related road deaths among 18-20 year old but no reductions in drinking.|
Privatization of retail alcohol sales was recommended against based on the evidence. Privatization occurs when the role of government (e.g., city, county, state) in retail alcohol sales is removed from one or more alcohol beverage types allowing for commercial sale of alcohol and changing regulatory oversight.
Structural and systemic changes at the population level
can have the greatest impact on health
What does the evidence base tell us?
Policies that reduce the availability and affordability of alcohol are associated with reduced...
Alcohol harm paradox
Those of lower SES experience more alcohol-related harms despite those of higher SES drinking more on average